The focus sensitive element "sogar"
In order to guide the inferential processes in communication, languages use different mechanisms. Focus particles are one of these mechanisms because of their mainly procedural meaning focalizing the hearer's attention and guiding him to certain constituents (Blakemore 2002). Furthermore, focus sensitive elements relate the focus and its alternatives in a certain way. Scalar particles like German "sogar" do so in establishing a relation of likelihood presenting the focused element as the least expected element (König 1991).
Research area "Focus Operators"
The research group DPKog resorts to reading experiments and to the Visual World Paradigm (VWP), as well as to comprehension tests, to analyze how additive scalar focus operators condition information processing in different experimental conditions and in several languages.
VIPICOL - Visual Information Processing In the Context Of Language
Do we speak about what we see, or do we see what we speak about? This project investigates top-down and bottom-up processes during visual information uptake for event encoding.
Neural correlates of language processing in Chinese
This project is a cooperation between neurologists, physicists (Dept. of Neurology) and linguists (IDF). It investigates how vowels with different tonal distinctions are processed in the brain.
Event duration estimations are modulated by grammatical aspect
This project investigates the effect of grammatical aspect marking on speakers’ estimations of the duration of highly familiar, everyday events.
LANG-ACROSS: Utterance structure in context - L1 & L2 acquisition in a cross-linguistic perspective
This project focuses on cognitive and linguistic determinants of language acquisition in a cross-linguistic perspective, with a main focus on conceptualizations of space and time.
Predicting object states in Mandarin Chinese - insights from the bǎ-construction
This project focuses on the resultative meaning of the Mandarin marker bǎ.
Processing discourse referents in Mandarin active and passive SOV sentences
In this project we ask, in how far information derived from the markers bèi and bǎ affect the interpretation of referents preceding and the prediction of referents following the markers.
A Case for Semantic Underspecification? The Representation of Aspectual Class Information for Motion Verbs and Directional Prepositions
This project investigates the cognitive processing of aspectual class (AC) information in descriptions of motion events.
Research area "Connectives"
The work of the research group DPKog in this field focuses on the processing of causal, adversative and concessive relations. Our research studies the effects that connectives have on the processing of information in different languages, depending on the linguistic features of discourse and on the characteristics of different participant groups.
Conceptualization in language production by patients diagnosed with schizophrenia
Cross-linguistic studies have shown that speakers of typologically different languages exhibit different patterns with regard to both event conceptualization, as well as the way spatial concepts are used to structure space. These differences affect the information selected as well as the perspective taken when describing situations. This project focuses on German and English native speakers diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Tracking gaze movement while construing and talking about events: a cross-linguistic approach
In this project, we deal with the interrelation between patterns in gaze movement, when watching dynamic video clips, and what is mentioned at what point, when talking about events.
Top-down influences on event apprehension
To broaden our understanding of apprehension, the earliest stage of information processing in elicited language production studies, we analyze landing positions and onset latencies of first fixations on visual stimuli given short stimulus presentation times.
Visual attention as a window to cognitive processing – A new method to analyze eye tracking data elicited from dynamic scenes
The goal of this project is to develop a new method for the analysis of eye tracking data, which can be used to investigate attention allocation patterns of humans who are presented with dynamic stimuli.
The interaction of discourse salience, visual information uptake, and syntactic encoding in Mandarin Chinese
In this project we contrast Chinese and German with respect to how linguistic "givenness" affects speaker's lexical and syntactic choices.
Referential coherence in first and second language learners
In this research, it was investigated how monolingual and bilingual learners of German between the age of 5 and 10 resolve anaphoric pronouns. A visual world paradigm was employed to measure what parts of a visual stimulus participants attend to while presented with short spoken texts, in which a sentence that starts with a gender encoding anaphoric pronoun follows a sentence in which two referents are mentioned.
Gender processing and representation in the mental lexicon of bilinguals
Grammatical gender processing in an L2 has caused much debate in the latest research. While researchers mostly agree that gender markers in pre-position are used by native speakers in real-time comprehension as predictive cues for the following noun, there is still no agreement on whether L2 speakers process gender information. Another issue concerns how gender is represented in the L2 mental lexicon.
Phonological co-activation in Portugese-German bilinguals
Previous studies on spoken language processing in late bilinguals (e.g. Spivey und Marian 1999; Canseco Gonzalez et al. 2010) revealed contradictory findings regarding the activation of the irrelevant L1 during L2 listening. Using the visual world paradigm we show evidence for nonselective access in Portuguese late learners of German during spoken language processing.
Eye-movements as indicator for pre-articulatory self-monitoring
Previous speech production studies suggest that our viewing behavior is guided by the need for specific information relevant during conceptualization and encoding processes. However, to what extent viewing behavior also reflects information processing during self-monitoring is an open question.
Event units and event segmentation in verbal and non verbal tasks
In this project, we explore to what extent the cognitive units speakers construct to verbalize motion events correlate with units that people rely on in non-verbal tasks.
Working with a microscope is a skill that needs to be acquired and that develops with training and experience. The main goal of this project is to use eye tracking as an on-line method for competence assessment in microscopy.
Language and Cognition in Early Stages of Dementia
This project focuses on the question in how far linguistic and other cognitive processes are proportionally or disproportionally affected by age-related cognitive-decline.
'Serial-verb-constructions' in motion event encoding - morphological, syntactic, and contextual aspects
In this project we investigate whether Mandarin Chinese can indeed be classified as belonging to the "equipollently-framed" type.
Translanguaging and the Bilingual Brain
Investigating how the reading comprehension of translingual texts impacts cognitive processes with a special focus on working memory.
The construction of multimodal discourse of poverty in the Colombian digital media
This bi-national research project aims to incorporate the analytical potential of experimental research methodologies in the area of pragmatics to the study of multimodal discourse of poverty and welfare in the Colombian digital media.
Discourse, Cognition and Linguistic Markers: Empirical Studies on Text Processing with Eye Tracking Technology
The eye tracking technology is used to prove the hypothesis that discourse markers are linguistic elements which guide the processing of information and reduce the cognitive effort during that process. To do so we collect data about the reading behavior under controlled conditions while participants read texts of different typologies in L1 and L2.